Golden Retriever History
Golden Retriever History
The Golden Retriever’s history had it’s origin in Scotland and date back as far as the mid 1800’s. Dudley Coutts Marjoribanks also known as Lord Tweedmouth, is the person credited for breeding us this trusting, happy, beautiful dog breed called the “Golden Retriever”.
Dudley Marjoribanks who was also a parlementarian for Berwick-upon-Tweed lived on his estate at Guisachan along the Tweed River on the banks of the Lochness during the long parliamentary recess from government. He was an avid hunter and developed Guisachan into a grand estate with large kennels. The location of Guisachan had a major influence on the program used by Lord Tweedmouth to produce the desired hunting dog and companion with the right characteristics.
There were already many “retriever breeds” used for hunting fowl and other game during this time, but Lord Tweedmouth seeked further potential from these dogs and dreamed of a new breed that could combat the adverse conditions of the area.
During 1865 Lord Tweedmouth decided to purchase a yellow retriever named “Nous” from a cobbler in Brighton, England. “Nous” who was an excellent swimmer and retriever, was mated to a Tweed Water Spaniel called “Belle”, and they produced four yellow female puppies with excellent bird-hunting abilities.
The Tweed Water Spaniel at that time was a very hardy dog used for retrieving and was descended from the ruggedly built water dogs which had been used for years by British seacoast families who depended on dogs with courage, intelligence and the ability to retrieve under all sorts of harsh seacoast conditions. The Tweed Water Spaniel who is now extinct, is credited with contributing to the intelligence, temperament and retrieving skills of the modern Golden Retriever.
To further improve the breed, the yellow Wavy-Coated Retriever was cross-bred with Bloodhounds, Setters, Black retrievers and Tweed Spaniels. This cross-breeding produced dogs with similar characteristics but with a distinct yellow flat coat.
History Begins In America
In the early 1900s, Lord Tweedmouth’s sons entered the United States with some of these dogs, and in 1912 they were formally recognized as the Golden(or Yellow) Retriever. The American Kennel Club registered the Golden in 1925, and the breed flourished through the 30’s and 40’s and has since gained huge popularity in America and is current one of the most popular family dog breeds in the world.
An interesting fact is that the Golden Retriever were the first ever AKC Obedience Trial Champion. Today this excellent, trusting and loving dog breed is used extensively in many areas of our lives. Except for hunting, Golden Retrievers are also trained as “service dogs” helping in hearing assistance, handicap assistance, therapy dogs, seeing eye dogs, search and rescue etc.
The Golden Retriever’s excellent temperament and trainability makes them one of the most popular dog breeds in the world today.
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